Thursday, November 27, 2014

 Paintings in Museo Del Prado
Spanish Painting
World’s largest collections of Spanish painting has represented in the Museo del Prado. The number of total paintings is 4,800. Prado categorized this collection as Romanesque, Gothic and early renaissance painting, Baroque Painting,  El Greco  and renaissance Painting. Early Naturalism, Goya and 18th-century Painting and  19th-century Painting.
Frescoes, Franco-Gothic painting, International Gothic, great masterpieces of Hispano-Flemish painting, Renaissance paintings are represented there.
The most important artist of early Naturalism and  Renaissance Painting is   undoubtedly  El Greco . The Prado owns two works painted in Italy, namely The Annunciation and The Flight to Egypt.  Among others of  important artists the in this category who enriched Prado’s collection are Fernando Yáñez, as well as one of the best known works of this period, Juan de Flandes’, Ribalta, Maino and Herrera the Elder, Sánchez Cotán, an Juan van der Hamen .
The age of baroque painting is called golden age in Spanish painting history. In this  category 50 works of the iconic genius Velázquez is represented in Prado’s collection. Other great figure’s works can be in Prado’ gallery is Ribera, Murillo, Zurbarán, and Alonso Cano.
In 18th-century painting category Francisco de Goya is represented with his  140 paintings. A large group of still lifes by Luis Meléndez; small, cabinet paintings by Paret y Alcázar tapestry cartoons by the Bayeu brothers, other interesting paintings of Antonio Carnicero etc. are also presented in  this category.
Among 19th century painters works of Eugenio Lucas and Leonardo Alenza who are inspired and influenced by Goya,  collected for presentation. Other outstanding  historical  works ofJosé de Madrazo, ,Eduardo Rosales, Francisco Pradilla, Vicente López, landscape paintings  of Carlos de Haes and Pérez Villaamil noted works of Fortuny ,  Sorolla and others also collected in Prado.
Italian Painting
More than 1000 works of Italian painters are collected in Prado, many of which formally were in the royal collection. Works of  Fra Angelico, Mantegna, Antonello da Messina and Botticelli of 15th century , are presented in the Prado.
Among the16th century   Titian, Veronese, Tintoretto and the Bassano, Correggio, Parmigianino, Sebastiano del Piombo, Andrea del Sarto, etc  of various  school and trend are preresnt in Prado.
Caravaggio, Annibale Carracci, Annibale Carracci, of 17th century is well represented in the Museum large collection of paintings by the Neapolitan artist Luca Giordano
18th-century Italian landscapes and a number of paintings and Spanish royal family related event depictions are important collection of Prado.  Other 18th century painter’s creations such as works  of Battaglioli, Antonio Joli, of Grand Tour portraits by Batoni , extensive group of works by Corrado Giaquinto, works of  Giambattista Tiepolo also presented in the museum.

Flemish painting
In terms of quality and quantity Flemish school of painting, can be compared with Italian collection. It comprises more than 1,000 works belong 15th to 17th century. These paintings also came from royal collection.
Works of Robert Campin, the  initiator  the 15th-century Flemish style, Rogier van der Weyden, Dirk Bouts . Hans Memling, Gerard David, panel paintings by Hieronymous Bosch are well represented in the museum.
Among 16th-century Flemish painting, works of  Joachim Patinir  occupied  a remarkable place.
Notable works of  Marinus Reymerswaele, Jan Sanders van Hemessen, over 90 masterpieces by Rubens his  followers Van Dyck and Jordaens  are representing glorious  names of 17th-century Flemish painting in Prado.
50 paintings by David Teniers, most important genre painter,  paintings animal paintesr  Frans Snyders and Paul de Vos still life painters, Clara Peeters and Daniel Seghers are owned by Prado.
The most important genre painter of this school and period is David Teniers, of whom the Prado owns more than 50 paintings. Among animal painters particular attention should be paid to Frans Snyders and Paul de Vos, while Clara Peeters and Daniel Seghers are notable for their still lifes and the most notable paintings all are owned by the museum

French Painting
More than 300 paintings of the French school are represented in Prado museum. The painting are of 16th to early 19th century came from the royal collection. Though the collection is  incomplete,  works of some artists very remarkable. The names  of the painters are  Nicholas Poussin, Claude Loarraine of 17th century and   Michel-Ange Houasse, Jean Ranc ,  Louis-Michel van Loo, Watteau, Coypel and Rigaud of 18th century. Mythological and religious scenes and landscapes of Nicholas Pousin, a group of works with  youthful portraits by Michel-Ange Houasse and others are very impressive.

British Painting
Collection of British painting is not much reach in Prado Museum. Due to historical background of political conflict from 16th century to early 20th century , contact between aristocratic family was very limited. Although quantity is small a fine quality of works are available in Prado of 20th-century. Portrait  and other significant paintings by Thomas Lawance (John Fane, 10th Count of Westmoreland, Miss Martha Carr and A Lady from the Storer Family) and works  David Robert are very well represented in the museum. David was an important painter and associated with Spanish Romanticism. The name of his represented three significant  works are The Torre de Oro, Seville, The Castle of Alcalá de Guadaira and The Interior of the Mosque, Cordoba.

Dutch Painting
Almost 200 works of  the Dutch school  are available on Prado’s collection. These all paintings are of 17th century as these was  arrived in Spain in 17th -18th century. Here also the split occurred  for the hostile circumstances between two royal families
 Although paintings of the most  important artist like Vermeer and Frans Hals was absent, work of notable painter Rembrandt was represented there . His masterpiece  Judith at the Banquet of Holofernes, was purchased during the reign of Carlos III.
The Museum possesses various paintings by Matthias Stomer and Solomon de Bray, including The Incredulity of Saint Thomas and Judith and Holofernes, as well as still lifes by the most important artists of the Haarlem School: Pieter Claesz, Willem Claesz Heda and Jan Davidsz de Heem.
Dutch genre  and landscape paintings  by Philips Wouwerman ,  Adriaen van Otade,  Jan Both, Herman van Swanevelt and Jacob van Ruisdael are well  represented in museum.
Portrait ( Portrait of Petronella de Waert) by  Gerard Ter Borch and   animal painting (Dead Cockerel) by Gabriel Metsu are also collected by Prado.

German Painting
The German School of painting is also, represented very poorly in the Prado’s collection, although Holy Roman Empire and Spain have good relation during Habsburgs period. Works of some important artists are represented in the museum, which mostly came from the former royal collection. The artists are Albrecht,  Anton Rafael Mengs, Durer, Hans Baldung Grien, Lucas Cranach the Elder. Mengs paintings are the largest collection among the 18th-century German paintings collect by Prado.

Name of some important paintings are  :  Self-portrait, Adam, Eve,  Portrait of an Unidentified Man,  Harmony or The Three Graces , The Ages of Man and Death, Hunt in Honour of Carlos V at Torgau Castle , Hunt in Honour of Ferdinand I, King of the Romans, at Torgau Castle.

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